City Characterisation Report: Greater Manchester



Published: March 2019

This content was originally published on The Resilience Shift website. The Resilience Shift, a 5-year programme supported by Lloyd’s Register Foundation and hosted by Arup, transitioned at the end of 2021 to become Resilience Rising. You can read more about The Resilience Shift’s journey and the transition to Resilience Rising here.

The City Water Resilience Approach (CWRA) helps cities plan and implement actions to build resilient urban water systems. A critical first step in this process is understanding the factors that contribute to, or detract from local water resilience.

This report details research undertaken in Greater Manchester with the aim of:
1. Defining the city water basin including natural basin(s), the urban water system and its governance structure, and the interdependencies with other systems; and 2. Identifying the factors contributing to the resilience of the city water system, and those increasing its vulnerability.

This research was undertaken through a detailed review of grey and academic literature and consultation with key Greater Manchester water stakeholders.

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